violence

Looting and Burning — Trampling the Rule of Law!

Today we awakened to the dramatic headlines: “Ferguson Businesses Torched in Overnight Protests,” “Ferguson Explodes Following Grand Jury Decision Not to Indict,” “Ferguson Businesses Burned, Looted.” A caption to one of the graphic photos of the burning inferno read: “Protesters take their pictures in front of the burning Juanita’s Fashion R Boutique on West Florissant …

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Violence, mental illness, and the brain — A brief history of psychosurgery: Part 3 — From deep brain stimulation to amygdalotomy for violent behavior, seizures, and pathological aggression in humans

Abstract — In the final installment to this three-part, essay-editorial on psychosurgery, we relate the history of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in humans and glimpse the phenomenal body of work conducted by Dr. Jose Delgado at Yale University from the 1950s to the 1970s. The inception of the National Commission for the Protection of Human …

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Violence, mental illness, and the brain — A brief history of psychosurgery: Part 2 — From the limbic system and cingulotomy to deep brain stimulation

Abstract — Knowledge of neuroscience flourished during and in the wake of the era of frontal lobotomy, as a byproduct of psychosurgery in the late 1930s and 1940s, revealing fascinating neural pathways and neurophysiologic mechanisms of the limbic system for the formulation of emotions, memory, and human behavior. The creation of the Klüver‑Bucy syndrome in …

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Violence, mental illness, and the brain — A brief history of psychosurgery: Part 1 — From trephination to lobotomy

Abstract — Psychosurgery was developed early in human prehistory (trephination) as a need perhaps to alter aberrant behavior and treat mental illness. The “American Crowbar Case” provided an impetus to study the brain and human behavior. The frontal lobe syndrome was avidly studied. Frontal lobotomy was developed in the 1930s for the treatment of mental …

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